Know Signs of Heat-Related Illness - Symptoms of heat illness include: Cramps; very high body temperature; red, hot, dry skin (athlete is not sweating) or heavy sweating; rapid pulse; throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea/vomiting; confusion; loss of consciousness; paleness.
Stay Hydrated - Drink plenty of fluids during vigorous or outdoor activities (including sunbathing), especially on hot days. Drinks of choice include water and sports drinks; avoid alcohol and fluids with caffeine such as tea, coffee and cola, as these can lead to dehydration.
Dress to Protect - Dress your child in light-colored, lightweight, tightly-woven, loose-fitting clothing on hot days. Protect children from the sun by having them wear a hat and sunglasses and by using an umbrella. Use a sunscreen that is at least SPF (sun protection factor) 15.
Schedule Around the Heat - Plan vigorous activity and sports for cooler times of the day. Take rest periods in shady or cool areas. Increase time spent outdoors gradually to get your child's body used to the heat. Try to spend as much time indoors as possible on very hot and humid days.
The Importance of Cooling Off - Teach children to take frequent drink breaks and "wet down" or mist themselves with a spray bottle to avoid becoming overheated.
Car Safety - Do not leave children unattended in a hot automobile for any amount of time, even with the windows rolled down. Car temperatures inside can rise to dangerous, life-threatening levels within minutes. Just as you would never leave a small child alone in a bathtub, never leave a child alone in a car.
Exercise Safety - Teach children to warm-up and cool-down before and after exercising.
Be Prepared - If your child has a medical condition or is taking medication, consult your child's physician for further advice for preventing heat-related illnesses.
At Risk - Those at risk for heat-related illness are children and adolescents who are out-of-shape or children who may need time to get acclimated to the heat.