Traumatic injury

Acute Trauma
Injuries resulting from trauma to the head, neck and face may involve underlying fractures of the facial bones in addition to the more obvious soft tissue damage. Because of the many variables related to future growth, clinical management of these injuries in children should be carried out by pediatric craniofacial/plastic surgeons with a thorough knowledge of the underlying facial skeleton and the range of fracture patterns and facial growth patterns.

New techniques for rigid fixation of the craniofacial skeleton have revolutionized the treatment of facial fractures in children and adolescents. For children with fractures of the jaw, customized splints are often required to stabilize the teeth.