There are various signs a child may have a reading disorder, such as dyslexia. Signs include:
- Difficulty breaking words into sounds and syllables
- Difficulty associating letters with sounds
- No interest in books or being read to
- Difficulty rhyming
- Difficulty recognizing his own name or common names like “mom” or “dad” in print
- Trying to memorize text, particularly older kids
- Difficulty reading aloud
Dyslexia is a learning disorder that causes children to have difficulties with certain language skills, particularly reading. Children and teens with dyslexia may also have difficulties with oral or written skills, such as pronunciation and writing. Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing and spelling difficulties. Children with dyslexia have low reading levels, but they often have average or above-average cognitive abilities—dyslexia isn’t due to lack or intelligence or desire to learn.
The causes of dyslexia aren’t completely clear, but studies show there are differences in the way the brain develops and functions in people with dyslexia. Most people with dyslexia have difficulty identifying the separate speech sounds within a word or learning how letters represent those sounds.
While there’s no cure or quick fix for dyslexia, children can overcome its challenges with specialized therapy. The brain, like any muscle, can be trained to operate differently and more efficiently.