Shin pain—often referred to as shin splits—is a common overuse injury among teen athletes. Shin pain causes a dull or aching pain and tenderness along the inside of the lower leg or shin bone.
An athlete may first notice the pain after running. If left untreated, without taking a break from activity, the pain can occur both during and after running. It may develop into a stress fracture.
Some causes of shin splints include:
- Running downhill
- Running on uneven or hard surfaces
- Improper running form
- Increasing mileage or running intensity too quickly
- Old or worn-out shoes
- Over pronation, or flat feet
- Sports requiring repetitive activity, like soccer, basketball or cross country running