Pediatric Neurocritical Care Program

Helping Children with Brain Injury, Seizures and Brain Tumors

Trauma is the leading cause of death of children and teenagers. 1  Children younger than age 4 and teenagers ages 15 to 19 are at the highest risk for traumatic brain injuries (TBI).2 Every year, TBI in children and teens, results in:

  • 2,174 deaths
  • 35,136 hospitalizations
  • 473,947 emergency department visits3

TBIs need a medical plan in step with these patients’ many needs. That is why Children’s developed the Neurocritical Care Program.

About the Neurocritical Care Program

The Children’s Neurocritical Care Program, led by a pediatric neuro-intensivist, works with the Brain Injury Program to help children with TBIs, seizures and brain tumors. Our team has neurosurgeons, trauma surgeons, neuro-intensivists, neurologists and neuroradiologists working together to care for your child. Additionally, our team is a part of all stages of a child’s care, from communicating with ambulances to rehabilitation.

Children’s also has the only dedicated pediatric Level I and Level II trauma centers in the state—a special term given to a hospital because of its transport, emergency surgical, education and injury prevention services. With all these services, we will help children achieve their goals from treatment or surgery.

Watch Alison's Story: 

Video: A Remarkable Recovery After a Devastating Fall

A Remarkable Recovery After a Devastating FallView

Alison was playing with her sister when she fell out of a window and fractured her skull. She was airlifted to Children's Healthcare of Atlanta where staff in the Emergency Department, neurosurgery department and Pediatric Intensive Care Center cared for her. Now, she's back in school alongside her friends--being a kid.


Brain Injury Program

Our staff works with the Neurocritical Care Program to help rehabilitate children with TBIs. Our physiatrists—doctors who are trained to deal with pain and rehabilitation—will design a program to fit each child’s needs.

We will make sure that as each child moves to our Inpatient Rehabilitation Program he has a complete and workable treatment plan.


The Children’s Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) has 24-hour coverage from a doctor trained to deal only with children and young adults. Children also will have access to the latest technology, including:

  • Portable computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring
  • Video electroencephalogram (vEEG) monitoring
  • 24-hour neurocritical care ICU monitoring

1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention “Access to Trauma Centers in the United States: Getting the Right Care, at the Right Place, at the Right Time.” Accessed March 25, 2010.

2Langlois JA, Rutland-Brown W, Thomas KE. Traumatic brain injury in the United States: emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nation Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2006.

3Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), "TBI by Age Group: Comparing the numbers." Accessed Sept. 29, 2010.